Tuberculosis is a chronic disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. Most often, these mycobacteria strike respiratory organs. However, the disease may affect bones and joints, urogenital organs, eyes, peripheral lymph nodes. Diagnosing of tuberculosis includes a tuberculin test, lungs X-ray, detection of the bacteria in sputum, and instrumental examination of the organs affected by tuberculosis. Treatment for tuberculosis is a complex and long-term systemic therapy that includes antibiotics administration. Surgical treatment can be indicated for certain medical cases.