Everyone knows about typical winter diseases – the flu, colds and such – and those who are affected by them are also aware of spring allergies. However, not everyone might be aware that you can easily get sick in the summer, and that there are also specific diseases and conditions to watch out for in the warmest, sunniest months.
For instance, chicken pox and measles are viruses that, for one reason or another, tend to develop and spread at the beginning of summer. Both of these diseases are infectious and contagious, but neither is very serious, as they tend to pass in a few days.
Both chicken pox and measles start much like a regular cold or flu and then develop into a rash. Measles causes high fevers, which makes it relatively more serious.
Children are usually more vulnerable to chicken pox and measles, but they develop some resistance after they have the diseases. However, there are also vaccines for both conditions, which are well established and believed to be very effective at this point.
Another disease that affects primarily children during the summer and which is prevented by the same vaccine as measles is mumps.
Mumps is a kind of respiratory disease which causes the patient’s neck to swell at the base. Other symptoms include fever, as well as head and muscle aches and flu-like symptoms. The virus is extremely contagious, and the infection spreads when the infected person coughs or sneezes.
Aside from the infectious diseases, which tend to spread like wildfire in warm weather, there are also several heat-related conditions to worry about, the more serious of which being heat strokes.
Heat strokes are usually a result of long exposure to the sun and high temperatures, and they are often coupled with dehydration. Symptoms may vary, but they are likely to include a very high body temperature and fainting, as well as a rapid heartbeat, difficulty breathing, muscle soreness, weakness and nausea.
Heat strokes are very serious conditions that can leave permanent lesions in several organs, particularly the brain, so it is strongly recommended to call 911 or bring the patient to the ER immediately if they’re suspected to be suffering from a heat stroke.
And at last, much less serious but far more common is food poisoning. Food poisoning tends to happen more frequently in the summer because foods spoil very quickly in high temperatures. It is thus important to always keep your food refrigerated inside and outside the house, and to pay attention to see if it isn’t spoiled before consuming it in order to avoid the discomfort that comes with the symptoms of food poisoning.